Climate Change/Environmental Economics Specialist

GGGI is seeking the services of a Consultant to develop a Roadmap for Greening the Industrial Parks in Ethiopia. 

Project Background: 

According to the World Bank, Ethiopia is one of the ten fastest growing economies in the world. Over the past decade, the country achieved an average annual growth rate of over 10%. To build on this positive economic growth, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) launched the Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II, 2015/2016-2019/20), with the overall aim of becoming a lower middle-income country by 2025. Whilst the economy has historically been dominated by the agricultural sector, the GTP II placed increasing importance on the development of the industrial sector, particularly light manufacturing. The sector has been experiencing steady growth for more than a decade now, due largely to the development and implementation of robust industrial policies and strategies as well as the adoption of sound macroeconomic reforms by the government. The sector is witnessing an increase in foreign and domestic investment in the manufacturing sector. To augment the momentum of industrial development across the country, the Government of Ethiopia, in 2014, established the Industrial Parks Development Corporation (IPDC), which was mandated to boost the country’s industrialization agenda, through the construction, management and operation of industrial parks across the country. 

The GTP II envisaged the industrial sector to be one of the key sectors to play a greater role in GDP growth, job creation, and foreign exchange earnings. In this regard, the government of Ethiopia prioritized the promotion of micro and small enterprises as well as supporting the development of medium and large-scale industries across the country. The Plan also emphasized the establishment of industrial zones, public enterprise management and privatization. This strategic direction focused on industries which are labor intensive and having wide market; have broad linkages with the rest of the economy; use agricultural products as input; export-oriented and import substituting; and industries that can contribute to faster technology transfer.

The government of Ethiopia also committed to ensuring that its growth model be different from the environmentally unsustainable models of the past, therefore, in 2011, it developed a strategy to foster a Climate-Resilient Green Economy (CRGE), with a vision to attain a low-carbon and climate resilient development path. The CRGE Strategy indicate that Ethiopia’s GHG emissions under business-as-usual would increase up to 400 MtCO2eq by 2030. Out of this, the industrial sector is projected to account for the highest increase in emissions, rising from 4 MtCO2eq in 2010 to 71 MtCO2eq by 2030. However, the government intends to limit its net GHG emissions from all sectors to 145 MtCO2eq by 2030. 

Since then the country has been building processes and delivering on this vision, and given that a successful industrial and urban transformation will be critical for economic prosperity and that carbon emissions from the industrial sector and urban infrastructure are likely to be significant under business-as-usual, the government requires technical assistance in promoting its green industrialization agenda through the establishment of low emission and environmentally-friendly industrial Parks across the country. The government of Ethiopia plans to establish about 16 multisectoral industrial parks by 2025. The key focus sectors include textile and garment, leather and leather products, agro-processing, machinery and pharmaceuticals. Currently, 6 industrial parks (Hawassa, Bole Lemi I, Kombolcha, Makelle, Adama, and Jimma) have been commissioned, while others are under construction. While the industrial parks are being used as instruments for economic growth, job creation and foreign exchange earner in Ethiopia, they could also be a major potential source for GHG emissions, environmental pollution and inefficient use of resources. Therefore, the sector requires specific technical interventions in order to prevent it from being locked in an unsustainable pathway.

Since 2010, GGGI has been actively supporting the government of Ethiopia in the implementation of its green growth and green economy programs, including the development of the Climate-Resilient Green Economy Strategy (CRGE), which is the country’s blueprint aimed at helping it reduce GHG emissions from all economic sectors and facilitate meeting the country’s national and international environmental and climate change commitments. GGGI’s support in Ethiopia encompasses the implementation of projects from various sectors of the economy, including agriculture, forestry, environment and climate change, finance, water and sanitation, renewable energy and industry. Since 2016, GGGI has been supporting the industrial sector in Ethiopia through the Industrial Parks Development Corporation (IPDC) in the implementation of its green industrialization agenda. The support entails providing advisory services and the implementation of projects to ensure reduction in GHG emissions, environmental management through sustainable wastewater sludge management, and the sustainable and efficient use of critical resources.

Location
Ethiopia
Contract Type
Individual Consultant (Deliverable)
Grade
Individual Consultant E
Salary scale
Individual Consultant Scale
Contract Duration
4 months
Date to close
20/02/2019
Ref No
Individual Consultant

Objectives/Purpose of the Assignment: 

The main objective of this assignment is to develop a roadmap for greening the industrial parks in Ethiopia. By “Greening the Industrial Parks” in this context, we mean, developing a set of practical and policy interventions that will lead to a dramatic reduction in GHG emissions from industrial production processes, while also addressing other environmental, economic, social and management problems that will eventually lead to transitioning to a low-carbon industrial parks in the country. This entails conducting a thorough situational analysis of the environmental, economic, social and management aspects of the industrial parks in Ethiopia, with a view to identifying areas and processes for potential reduction of GHG emission, while also proposing action-oriented interventions to address the management, economic and social aspects in the parks. The roadmap would be used by the Industrial Parks Development Corporation (IPDC) as well as the Ministry of Industry (MoI) for the implementation of the country’s green industrialization agenda. 

This assignment will build on existing analytical work as well as ongoing studies and research relating to sustainability of the industrial parks in Ethiopia and it will focus primarily on the following aspects for greening the parks:

-       Environmental and regulatory gaps for the implementation of green industrial principles and procedures at the industrial parks;

-       Opportunities for streamlining and improving the management processes of the industrial parks for the implementation of the greening principles and procedures; 

-       Green/clean industrial and production technologies for efficient and effective environmental management and prevention of land, air and water pollution;

-       Resource-use efficiencies, focusing on energy efficiency, water use efficiency, and materials/chemicals efficiency, with special emphasis on leveraging the opportunities for implementing circular economy and resource re-use and recycling opportunities;

-       GHG Emission efficiencies such as fuel and feedstock switching, carbon capture and storage technologies;

-       Exploring opportunities for solar thermal energy for drying and washing in the garment and textile industries;

-       Sustainable solid waste management and opportunities for wastewater sludge treatment, management and re-use;

-       GHG Emission reduction opportunities from centralized effluent and sewage treatment plants;  

-       Industrial process optimization for GHG emission reduction from the industrial parks;

-       Exploring opportunities to address social aspects relating to sustainable and low emission transport system for workers at the industrial parks;

-       Explore opportunities to address social aspects relating to environmental health risks as well as the associated social safeguards to ensure safety within the parks;

-       Opportunities and interventions for the development of sustainable infrastructure; 

Scope of Work: 

  • Reviewing the industrial development context in Ethiopia, including the environmental and climate change policy frameworks for industries, engage stakeholders and industrial park’s tenants, evaluate the environmental and low-emission laws and practices of industries in the parks;
  • Conduct an in-depth scoping and situation analysis covering the above focus areas in order to identify potential areas for emission reduction and greening the industrial parks: this task would involve conducting a thorough assessment and identifying sustainability gaps, including social, economic and environmental at the operational as well as the newly commissioned industrial parks;
  • Organize stakeholder consultation workshops and interviews that would include investors/tenants in the Parks, IPDC/EIC, cleaner production center, Ethiopian Standards Bureau, Ministry of Industry, Commission for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, development partners such as UNIDO, UNDP, GIZ, World Bank, EU and others, with a view to understanding and developing the critical elements for greening the industrial parks;
  • Develop an outline of the Roadmap/guideline with a proposed table of content validated by stakeholders. The outline and proposed table of content could form the basis for drafting the roadmap; 
  • Develop and propose circular economy value chains for resource use in the industrial parks; 
  • Draft the Roadmap with comprehensive step by step proposals of interventions for greening the industrial parks in Ethiopia;
  • Conduct a validation workshop of the draft roadmap report in order to solicit final inputs, comments and guidance from the relevant stakeholders. 

Output/Reporting Requirements/Deliverables: 

  1. Deliverables

In accomplishing this assignment, the following deliverables are expected from the Consultant. 

-       An Inception Report, detailing the Consultant’s understanding of the of the Terms of Reference (ToRs), the methodology and approach of executing the assignment;

-       Report of the Scoping, sustainability gap analysis and stakeholder engagement and draft Outline of the Roadmap for greening the industrial parks;

-       Final Draft of the Roadmap for Greening the Industrial Parks in Ethiopia

-       Implementation Framework for the Roadmap for Greening the Industrial Parks in Ethiopia

 

Sr. No.

Outputs/ Deliverables

Timeline

 

Due Date*

Percentage payment linked to the outcome

1

Inception Report

-        This outlines the understanding of the ToRs;

-        The methodology and approach to be used in carrying out the analysis of the assignment;

-        Work plan and scheduled field missions as well as list of stakeholders to be consulted.

 

 

 

5 days after signing the contract

 

 

 

 

 

TBC

5%

2

Scoping and Gap Analysis (National consultative meetings)

-        Conducting stakeholder consultations workshops for guidance on focus areas;

-        Undertaking sustainability gap analysis and identification of key potential greening areas;

-        Development of draft outline and table of content validated by stakeholders;

-        Developing and submission of report of scoping gap analysis and stakeholder workshops

 

 

 

 

 

20 Working days

 

 

 

 

 

 

TBC

15%

3

Draft Roadmap for Greening of the industrial parks

-        Building on the report of the scoping gap analysis, draft the roadmap with actionable interventions and recommendations;

-        Submission of draft Report to the Joint Team of Experts from GGGI/IPDC/EIC

 

 

 

24 working days

 

 

 

 

TBC

30%

4

Development of Implementation framework for the Roadmap

-        Drafting and submission of an implementation framework for the roadmap.

 

 

5 working days

 

 

TBC

15%

5

Validation Workshop for draft Roadmap

-        Organize a validation workshop with key Stakeholders to solicit comments and inputs to enrich the document;

PPT presentation for multi-stakeholder workshop;

1 day for workshop

 

 

TBC

10%

6

Submit the Final Roadmap Report

-        Final Roadmap report with all stakeholder comments and inputs incorporated;

-        Final implementation plan 

5 days after Validation Workshop

 

 

TBC

25%

*to be finalised accordingly

          2.  Reporting Arrangements

This project is being implemented by the GGGI on behalf of the Industrial Parks Development Corporation (IPDC)/Ethiopian Investment Commission (EIC), which is the main beneficiary. The project will be coordinated and supervised by GGGI Office. The Consultant would have reporting responsibilities to a technical team composed of representatives from GGGI and IPDC/EIC, where GGGI will provide leadership in relation to the implementation of the assignment.  

The technical Team will organise regular coordination meetings with the consultant to provide guidance on the implementation of the project and the review of reports submitted by the consultant.

All reports must be in English prepared in accordance with GGGI’s formatting requirements and submitted in electronic formats along with complete sets of raw data, research materials, and related information.

 

Qualification

Education/Experience/Competencies: 

Education

This consultancy seeks a qualified individual with the following minimum requirements:

  • Minimum of a Master’s degree in Climate Change Management, Carbon Management, Environmental Economics, Sustainable Development, or any other relevant subject to this assignment;
  • Possession of a PhD in the above areas will be an added advantage 

Experience

  • At least 8 years of professional experience in conducting similar studies, developing strategies, roadmaps and guidelines on green growth, climate change and sustainable development in developing countries with significant focus on green industries, industrial parks, special economic zones, free zones, etc;
  • Extensive knowledge in developing climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies and policies for developing countries;
  • Demonstrated experience and knowledge on the barriers of implementing green industrialization programmes in Africa;
  • Extensive knowledge of other countries and their green industrial development strategies; 
  • Strong knowledge and experience in adopting best practices in climate change mitigation and adaptation from other regions to suit the local context; 
  • Demonstrates extensive experience in managing effective relations with a wide range of stakeholders (Governments, international organizations, multilateral and bilateral development agencies, developing country partners, NGOs, indigenous groups, scientific communities).
  • Has the ability to address a range of issues related to global environmental management (climate change adaptation and resilience-building would be highly desirable) and its relationship to national sustainable development.
  • Demonstrates ability to think strategically and to rapidly analyze diverse information from varied sources.
  • Demonstrates ability and the necessary organizational skills to take initiative, personal ownership, and accountability to meet deadlines, work under pressure, balance competing demands and achieve agreed-upon results.
  • Strong knowledge of Monitoring and Evaluation systems;
  • Experience of working in Ethiopia and/or knowledge of the region’s context is an asset;
  • Experience working with international organizations is an asset.

Competencies

  • Strong technical knowledge on climate change, green industries and industrial development;
  • Demonstrated knowledge in GHG emissions/carbon auditing from the industrial sector;
  • Strong communication and analytical skills;
  • Demonstrated skills in drafting reports;
  • Ability to work under pressure with several tasks and various deadlines;
  • Actively generates creative, practical approaches and solutions to overcome challenging situations;
  • Excellent writing, presentation/public speaking skills;
  • A pro-active approach to problem-solving;
  • Computer literacy and presentation skills.

*Shortlisted candidates may be requested to submit a two-page workplan indicating the applicant’s understanding of the ToR, their approaches to the assignment including methodology, and a tentative timeline to achieve deliverables prior to the interview.